South Asia: Safe Water and Sanitation
Two of the major causes of child death in developing countries are unsafe water and lack of hygiene. Health awareness training and the installation of tubewells and slab latrines significantly improve sanitation and can save many lives. A tubewell is used by several families; local NCM staff are responsible for installation and teach the families how to maintain the tubewell as well as offer health and hygiene training. Safe water is also important for successful animal husbandry and gardening. In Sri Lanka and Nepal the tubewell installation is more expensive due to the rocky terrain; in Bangladesh, tubewells in coastal areas have to be considerably deeper due to salty groundwater, and in many areas the higher layers of groundwater are poisoned with arsenic. An alternative to tubewells is a biological water filter that filters pond water through three different layers of stones.
The installation of tubewells and slab latrines as well as health & hygiene training are also important aspects of child development centers.
slab latrine: $25 – *Buy 1 with an NCM Gift Card of $25*
tube-well (Bangladesh): $150 – *Buy 1 with NCM Gift Cards of $50 + $100*
tube-well (Sri Lanka, Nepal): $300
tube-well (for coastal areas in Bangladesh): $1,500
communal well (serving several families): $2,750
biological water filter: $6,000